Omega 6 busts your electron transport chain

The mitochondria, also called the “powerhouse” of the cells, is where ATP is made. Cells use fats, carbohydrates and sometimes a little protein to create energy. These macronutrients are broken down in the cell to provide electrons for the electron transport chain, creating a mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm). Complex I, III, & IV, powered by […]

Polyunsaturated fats, cardiolipin and ATP production

From the previous article: “the rate of substrate oxidation in resting muscle is not determined/limited by mitochondrial oxidative capacity, but by the rate of ATP breakdown/ADP formation, which is regulated by the cells’ need for energy” The mitochondria can only make ATP if there is ADP and a phosphate present. The complex V in the […]

Top 4 Calcium benefits. #2 Helps with fat loss

Calcium is best known for being important for bone formation, but actually plays a much larger role than just that in the body. Calcium is involved in vascular contraction, vasodilation (increase synthesis of nitric oxide), muscle functions, nerve transmission, intracellular signaling, and hormonal secretion. (1) Most of these effects are due to lowering PTH as […]

Calcium for fat loss

Calcium is best known for being important for bone formation, but actually plays a much larger role than just that in the body. Calcium is involved in vascular contraction, vasodilation (increase synthesis of nitric oxide), muscle functions, nerve transmission, intracellular signaling, and hormonal secretion (R). Most of these effects are due to lowering parathyroid hormone. […]

Ketogenic diet – is it safe? (lipid peroxidation, prostaglandins, inflammation)

Two aspects might be of concern when eating a ketogenic diet… Increase ROS due to more saturated fat consumption and more lipid peroxidation due to more unsaturated fat ingestion.   Let’s start with the increase in ROS 1 glucose molecule produces 10 NADH and 2 FADH2 through glycolysis and the TCA cycle. During beta-oxidation, for […]

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